Chapter 6: The Supply Chain is Ready

Each chapter of the book, The Company Citizen, has footnotes. As most of these are web links they cannot be readily accessed from the book. So here they are. Those numbered ‘a’, ‘b’, etc., are updates: they refer to text between numbered footnotes and not necessarily to the number in their suffix. For example: 14a is a new note which relates to text between note 14 and note 15 but not necessarily to the subject in 14 itself. Go back to ‘The Company Citizen’ here.

1

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/383764/Modern_Slavery_Strategy_FINAL_DEC2015.pdf

1a

An early assessment of the Modern Slavery Act, pros and cons, two years on (Oct 2017):
https://www.edie.net/blog/The-impact-of-the-Modern-Slavery-Act-two-years-on/6098380

2

news.sky.com/story/meet-dorsen-8-who-mines-cobalt-to-make-your-smartphone-work-10784120?

3

http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/around-100000-children-in-registered-labor-force-in-turkey-ministry.aspx?PageID=238&NID=109962&NewsCatID=338

4

http://corporate-responsibility.org/issues/modern-slavery-bill/

5

https://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/2015/Recruitment_Fees_Report-Final-22_June_2015_AG_Final.pdf

6

http://community.businessfightspoverty.org/profiles/blogs/what-does-good-look-like-for-companies-trying-to-address-modern-s

7

https://www.theguardian.com/money/2013/oct/12/what-best-ethical-funds

8

https://knowthechain.org/benchmarks/2/ – Know the Chain issued a subsequent, deeper
diving report in April 2017: https://knowthechain.org/wp-content/uploads/KTC_CrossSectoralFindings_Final.pdf

8a

‘There could be 45 million slaves in the world’. Whilst authorities stand by this figure,
an ‘official’ estimate was released by the ILO in September 2017 of 40M. This would
represent a doubling of the estimate in just 5 years. However, 15M of these were people
in forced marriages, mostly female, and 6M of these were minors. It’s perhaps not
realistic to include forced marriage in figures relating to supply chains.
https://www.antislavery.org/official-forced-marriage-slavery/

9

www.modernslaveryhelpline.orghttp://tinyurl.com/m656ysr  Helpline: 0800 0121 700

10

http://www.edie.net/blog/Tackling-modern-slavery-in-the-food–beverage-packaging-industry/6098166

11

https://innovation-forum.co.uk/analysis.php?s=forced-labour-still-picks-uzbeks-cotton

12

http://www.iccr.org/bangladesh-accord-illustrates-power-multi-stakeholder-collaboration-address-supply-chain-issues

13

http://fashionrevolution.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/FR_FashionTransparencyIndex.pdf

14

https://issuu.com/fashionrevolution/docs/fr_fashiontransparencyindex2017?e=25766662/47726047

15

https://www.antislavery.org/reports-and-resources/research-reports/slavery-supply-chain-reports/

16

https://www.somo.nl/the-myanmar-dilemma/

17

http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/channel-4-dispatches-britains-cheap-clothes-investigation-national-living-wage_uk_5885e797e4b0b8867de86378?ir=UK%3Fncid%3Dnewsletter-uk

18

http://vibranteconomy.grantthornton.co.uk/why-businesses-need-to-act-to-stop-modern-slavery/

19

http://www.stopslaveryaward.com

20

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/slaves-miss-out-on-3m-compensation-fcz5w9r7g? (£)

21

The Times, 11 May 2017

22

https://innovation-forum.co.uk/analysis.php?s=three-things-the-modern-slavery-act-has-achieved

23

http://www.justice.gov.uk/downloads/legislation/bribery-act-2010-quick-start-guide.pdf

24

https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2016#table

25

http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/guatemala-la-linea-customs-scandal-explained

26

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/jan/16/rolls-royce-to-pay-671m-over-bribery-claims.
I discussed this issue with Anne-Christine Wegener (Cockcroft & Wegener, 2017)

27

https://www.globalwitness.org/sv/blog/transparent-company-ownership-how-does-uk-governments-proposed-action-live-its-rhetoric/

28

http://ownershiptransparency.com

29

http://blog.transparency.org/2016/09/22/a-growing-call-from-business-for-company-ownership-transparency/

30

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/417328/bis_15_266_SBEE__Act_companies-transparency-fact-sheet.pdf

31

https://www.strategy-business.com/feature/Are-CEOs-Less-Ethical-Than-in-the-Past?gko=50774

32

https://innovation-forum.co.uk/analysis.php?s=why-companies-reject-pro-business-trump

33

http://www.nestle.com/csv/human-rights-compliance/human-rights

34

https://www.bsr.org/reports/BSR_GlobeScan_State_of_Sustainable_Business_Survey_2016.pdf

34a

 Global Witness claim that by 2016 this figure had risen to 200 activist deaths / year https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/13/environmental-defenders-being-killed-in-record-numbers-globally-new-research-reveals

35

https://www.cafonline.org/about-us/publications/2016-publications/beyond-integrity-report

36

https://business-humanrights.org/en/andy-hall-2?

37

https://www.finnwatch.org/en/news/391-finnwatch-and-retail-chain-s-group-to-testify-at-andy-hall%27s-trial

38

https://www.corporatebenchmark.org/?token=1R5Z1T0FsVAGsQmF7iw6eP_JFEJ9cNHEqSOc-fp3wW8&webform_id=welcome

39

Quoted by a Dutch Government minister:
https://www.government.nl/documents/speeches/2017/04/19/speech-minister-ploumen-on-international-business-and-human-rights

40

https://venturebeat.com/2017/05/16/microsoft-commits-5-million-to-landmark-united-nations-technology-partnership/

41

https://www.bsr.org/en/collaboration/groups/human-rights-working-group

42

http://www.ethicaltrade.org/about-eti/why-we-exist/etis-origins

43

http://www.gla.gov.uk

44

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/nov/14/gangmaster-prosecutions-decline-home-office-hanson-may

45

http://www.ethicaltrade.org/blog/eti-clamps-down-false-claims-in-uk-stone-industry

46

https://www.theguardian.com/small-business-network/2013/sep/18/late-payment-pain-small-business

47

http://www.promptpaymentcode.org.uk

48

http://www.cityam.com/252127/theresa-may-failing-treat-small-businesses-partners

49

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/24497762

50

http://www.out-law.com/en/articles/2015/march/compliance-with-uk-prompt-payment-code-to-be-rigorously-enforced-says-minister/

51

http://www.fujitsu.com/uk/Images/fseu-general-purchasing-conditions.pdf

52

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/01/sewage-sludge-could-contain-millions-dollars-worth-gold

53

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/co-op-threatens-to-ban-john-west-tuna-over-use-of-harmful-nets-78ldczc68 (£)

53a

 Tom Lehrer’s song ‘The Elements’: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AcS3NOQnsQM

54

http://www.techradar.com/news/phone-and-communications/mobile-phones/our-smartphone-addiction-is-costing-the-earth-1299378

55

http://www.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsuk/statistics/criticalRawMaterials.html